这个博客只是用来收集散乱见于报刊杂志的与少数民族文学文化有关的小文,做仓库用。其他学科的相关文章及论文不录。

October 9:New Media and Global Transformation

上一篇 / 下一篇  2009-12-09 06:18:47

The conference brings distinguished scholars and specialists from around the world to join us in addressing important and timely issues in the study of media and visual culture. This international conference is jointly sponsored by the Culture Forum of the Shanghai Jiefang News Group, the Weatherhead East Asian Institute and the Law School of Columbia University.

The conference is devoted to exploring the reciprocal relationship between media and society. We will reassess the profound social transformations in the contemporary world which we believe are inseparable from the revolution in media, visual culture, law and telecommunication. The panelists will address how media technologies have historically provided the means of cultural representation and social and political participation and how new media are constitutive of new personal, social, and political identities and allegiances. Scholars from diverse academic disciplines (literature, visual culture, history, communication, sociology, political science, architecture, etc) will engage in cross-disciplinary dialogues about issues of theory and methods, as well as substantive concerns.

Schedule

           Opening Remarks                                     10:00-10:10am

               Nicholas B. Dirks

            Vice President for Arts and Sciences, Franz Boas Professor

            of Anthropology and History at Columbia University

               Mr. Minghua Yin

            President of Jiefang Daily Group

 

           Panel 1.  Theories of New Media

10:10am-12:30pm

            Moderator:     Professor Howard French (Columbia University)

Howard French received his BA from the University of Massachusetts C Amherst. He worked as a French-English translator in Abidjan, Ivory Coast in the early 1980s, and taught English literature at the University of Ivory Coast. His career in journalism began as a freelance reporter for The Washington Post and many other publications in West Africa. He was hired by The New York Times in 1986, and worked as a Metropolitan reporter for three years, and from 1990 to 2008 reported for the Times as bureau chief for Central American and the Caribbean, West Africa, Japan and the Koreas, and China in Shanghai. During this time, his work was twice nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, he was twice the recipient of an Overseas Press Club Award, and he has also won the Grantham Environmental Award, among other awards.

From 2005 to 2008 alongside his work for the Times, Mr. French was a weekly columnist on global affairs for The International Herald Tribune.

He is the author of "A Continent for the Taking: The Tragedy and Hope of Africa (2004)," which was named non-fiction book of the year by several newspapers, and won the 2005 American Library Association Black Caucus Award for Non-Fiction, and was runner up for the Lettre Ulysses Award for the Art of Reportage and for the Hurston Wright Foundation's non-fiction pBackrize. Other awards include an honorary doctorate from the University of Maryland.

His work has been published in The Nation, the New York Review of Books, Transition, Rolling Stone, The New York Times Magazine, The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Crisis, and Travel and Leisure. He is also a documentary photographer, whose work, "Disappearing Shanghai," has been displayed in Asia, Europe and North America.

            Speakers: Professor Mark Hansen (Duke University)

Over the past decade I have sought in my research, writing and teaching to theorize the role played by technology in human agency and social life.  In work that ranges across a host of disciplines, including literary studies, film and media, philosophy (particularly phenomenology), science studies, and cognitive neuroscience, I have explored the meaning of the relentless technological exteriorization that characterizes the human as a form. of life and have paid particular attention to the key role played by visual art and literature in brokering cultural adaptation to technology from the industrial revolution to the digital revolution.

My recent work has focused on the experiential significance of the revolution in computation that has transformed the architecture of knowledge in academe and in culture more broadly.  As I understand it, the computational revolution is altering the infrastructure of our lifeworld profoundly and thereby changing what it means to be human and also what is involved in practicing the humanities today.  I believe that the humanities must embrace technology and that humanists must enter full-scale into the informatics revolution by, for example, contesting the meaning and value of information and rethinking what it means to be human in a realtime, digitally-networked, global world in which we often cognize in concert with intelligent machines.

My first book, Embodying Technesis: Technology Beyond Writing, set the agenda for my research by asking what is left out when literary and cultural theorists turn their attention to technology.  My answer, to put it schematically, is experience: by variously taking technology as a formalizable objectas, say, a figure for the operation of language, for the structure of the text, or for the vicissitudes of the psychetheorists simply overlook the non-representational, experiential, and massively diffuse impact of technologies on social and cultural life.  My effort to grapple with this diffuse impact has led me to focus on media technologies and, in particular, on the contemporary digital media revolution.  I have done this in two books, New Philosophy for New Media and Bodies in Code, both devoted methodologically to a practice of experiencing the theoretical and technical significance of the digital revolution through the work of practicing new media artists, architects, and literary authors.  In both of these studies, and in my work generally, I proceed from actual engagements with cultural artifacts and processes to theorization that draws together 20th century phenomenology, recent cognitive (neuro)science, and (neo-)cybernetic discourses.

My current work expands the scope of my research by focusing directly on the coupling of the human and the technical that has characterized the human since its inception.  In a study of time and media, I seek to update Husserls model of time-consciousness in order to address the massive technical inscription of time in our world today.  If the experience of timeself-affection by time, as Kant would sayis constitutive of what we are, of our selves or subjectivities, as Ive tried to show in The Time of Affect, then how is our subjectivity impacted by the fact that this allegedly most personal and intimate experience is mediated by computational processes that occur at scales far beneath what our senses can experience?  I explore this critical nexus of self-affection and technical time across various registers, ranging from the intensive times of textual processing in 20th-21st century experimental writing and digital poetics to the evolutionary dynamics of human technogenesis.  Having recently spent a year in Beijing, China, I am interested in expanding my work to address the very different experience and tradition of time in the East, especially as it impacts practices involving media, art, and the internet, in the context of contemporary globalization.

I teach courses that concretize the question of human technicity along two axes, theoretical and archival.  My approach is to overlay traditional approaches to some corpus of cultural artifacts with a theoretical twist that serves, often in conjunction with an expanded archive, to open new frameworks for critical analysis.  My course, Time and Narrative, brings together Ricoeurs cross-disciplinary approach, more specialized treatments of mostly literary narrative, and new types of narrative (including digital ones).  My interest in combining disparate materials is typically signified by the titles of my courses.  Gesture, Inscription, Techne overlays literary theoretical accounts of inscription and its technicity, recent psychological and anthropological research on gesture and the human, in order to address a corpus of works including fiction, dance, graphic art, and video.  Literature, Information, Media does something not dissimilar, juxtaposing recent discussions of digital textuality, 20th-21st century experimental poetry, and information theory.  I also teach courses more directly concerned with cinema, video, and digital media, but again with a theoretical anchoring, including Theories of Media, Algorithmic Cinema, and The Aesthetics of Video Gaming.

      Ubiquitous Sensation or the Autonomy of the Peripheral

      Professor D. N. Rodowick (Harvard University)

Rodowick is the author of numerous essays as well as five books: The Virtual Life of Film (Harvard University Press, 2007); Reading the Figural, or, Philosophy after the New Media (Duke University Press, 2001); Gilles Deleuze's Time Machine (Duke University Press, 1997); The Difficulty of Difference: Psychoanalysis, Sexual Difference, and Film Theory (Routledge, 1991); and The Crisis of Political Modernism: Criticism and Ideology in Contemporary Film Theory (University of Illinois Press, 1989; 2nd edition, University of California Press, 1994). Having taught at Yale University until 1991, Rodowick began the film studies program there. After studying cinema and comparative literature at the University of Texas, Austin, and Universit de Paris 3, he obtained a PhD at the University of Iowa in 1983. Rodowick subsequently taught at the University of Rochester and at King's College, University of London, where he founded the film studies program and the Film Study Center. Special research interests include aesthetics and the philosophy of art, the history of film theory, philosophical approaches to contemporary art and culture, and the impact of new technologies on contemporary society. Rodowick has also been an award-winning experimental filmmaker and video artist. In 2002, he was named an Academy Film Scholar by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. His edited collection, The Afterimage of Gilles Deleuze's Film Philosophy, will be published by University of Minnesota Press in 2009.

       Thinking the History of the Virtual

What does it mean to speak of a history of the virtual? In this paper, I revisit arguments presented in Reading the Figural and The Virtual Life of Film to raise again the question of history, and whether there is continuity or not in the various instantiations of the medium of moving images, whether analogical or digital. I will suggest a number of conceptual frameworks with which to explore the profound and complicated tension wherein, on one hand, film might be understood as a very unique and profound phenomenological experience, and on the other, must be also considered from a contemporary perspective as only one strand in a larger media archaeology reaching deep into the nineteenth century, which includes the genealogies of computing and scanned electronic recording and transmission no less than those of the analogical arts. This is a humbling idea, since the whole history of cinema might retroactively be understood as a footnote or digression to a larger and more complex history of the global electronic and computational geographies of space and time in which we find ourselves today. Time permitting, I will conclude and open out these arguments with a discussion of Ken Jacob's recent digital work, Capitalism: Child Labor.

      Professor Lydia Liu (Columbia University)

      The Freudian Robot: The Figure of the Uncanny in New Media

         Lunch Break

 

           Panel 2.  New Media and Social Practice

      1:30-3:30pm

            Moderator:     Professor Weihong Bao (Columbia University)   

            Speakers: Professor Thomas LaMarre (McGill University)  

Thomas LaMarre specializes in visuality in modern Japan, in addition to comparative philosophy and cultural theory, media and mass culture, and cultural and intellectual history. In Shadows on the Screen (2005), LaMarre turned to the long-neglected film work of the celebrated Japanese writer, Tanizaki Jun'ichir?, offering a series of commentaries with a sustained analysis of how Tanizaki grappled with the temporal paradoxes of non-western modernity in his film work. In Uncovering Heian Japan: An Archaeology of Sensation and Inscription (2000), LaMarre combined pathbreaking visual analysis of Heian period calligraphy with a more traditional textual analysis of the poetry, in order to challenge the assumption of a cohesive Japanese "national imagination" in this period, seeing instead an early Japan that is ethnically diverse, territorially porous, and indifferent to linguistic boundaries. LaMarre's edited collection Impacts of Modernities (with Kang Nae-Hui, 2003) explored the impact of Western modernity on East Asia. LaMarre also writes on "distributive vision" in anime and on contemporary digital art. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

      Seizing Otaku Production: Japanese Media Policy, Fan Activities and Activism

In recent years the success of Japanese manga, anime and games across the world has led to increased government interest in developing public policy to harness and direct a diverse range of media-intensive activities associated with a new kind of fandom loosely captured with the term otaku. What is interesting about Japanese government policies is that, however ineffectual they ultimately prove, they tend look at fan media in terms of their productivity, and as a new model for organizing production. Significantly, as some otaku take to the streets to protest or bypass government intervention, as labor activism gathers steam in Japan, a general association is emerging between fan activities and new ways of thinking about labor and activism.

I propose to address a series of issues that arise when otaku activities and fan media are understood in terms of production rather than consumption. For instance, we are not so much seeing a blurring of the distinction of production and consumption or the total subsumption of production within consumption. Rather we see a renewed emphasis on the politics of production and work but in the register of immaterial and affective labor. Yet, in contrast with Hardt and Negri’s take on immaterial labor and the society of control, which largely discounts the State, such developments are more in keeping with Foucault’s observations about the biopolitical character of liberalism. In addition, while the politics of affective labor suggests that we should, like Sarah Ahmed, look at the social distribution of affect, we must at the same time address the social production of affect. Then we might begin to think about what it might mean to seize the means of (affective) production.

      Mr. Yin Minghua (President of Jiefang Daily Group) 

      Traditional Newspapers Undergoing Changes     

      Professor Randy Kluver (Texas A&M University)      

Randolph Kluver is Director of the Institute for Pacific Asia and Interim Director of the Office of Latin American Programs at Texas A&M University. Dr. Kluver also holds an appointment as Research Professor in the Department of Communication at Texas A&M University. Previously, he was Executive Director of the Singapore Internet Research Centre, and an Associate Professor in the School of Communication and Information at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. Dr. Kluver earned an undergraduate degree in Communication from the University of Oklahoma, a master's degree from California State University in Los Angeles and a doctorate from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California. He has been on the faculty at Oklahoma City University, Jiangxi Normal University in China, the National University of Singapore, and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He has published over thirty peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, and is the author, editor, or co-editor of four books.

Dr. Kluver is one of the principal investigators of the international "Internet and Elections" project, a comparative analysis of the use of the Internet in the 2004 election cycle. This work can found in the recently published book by Routledge, The Internet and National Elections C A Comparative Study of Web Campaigning, which Dr. Kluver co-edited. He also is the co-founder and co-moderator of the Chinese Internet Research listserve, a mailing list that was identified by Foreign Policy magazine as a website changing the world. He also serves on the editorial boards of New Media and Society and Chinese Media Research, and the Executive Board of the Association of Internet Researchers.

Dr. Kluvers current research interests include the role of the Internet in Asian societies, Asian political communication, globalization, and the political and social impact of information technologies. His most recent book, Asia.com: Asia Encounters the Internet, was published in 2003 by RoutledgeCurzon. He is the author of Legitimating the Chinese Economic Reforms: A Rhetoric of Myth and Orthodoxy (State University of New York Press, 1996). His co-edited book, Civic Discourse, Civil Society, and Chinese Communities, received the Outstanding Book Award from the International and Intercultural Division of the National Communication Association in 1999. His article, The Logic of New Media in International Relations, received the 2003 Walter Benjamin Award from the Media Ecology Association for outstanding article in media ecology.

      The Logic of New Media in International Relations    

The purpose of this essay is to propose a holistic framework by which to view the interaction of new media with human society. I have argued that the logic, or organizing principle, of new media is database-driven, and thus distinctly different from the logic of earlier media, which by contrast are more narrative. I argued that the database-driven logic of new media would not necessarily improve upon harmonious relations between nations, as information would be de-contextualized from the narrative framework which makes it meaningful in human interaction.

In this essay, I wish to expand upon the concept of multiple "logics," by which I mean the organizing principles, to develop this theory further. By itself, the logic of new media cannot adequately explain the deployment, refinement, and consequences in a social context, but needs to be considered in a larger cultural, economic, and social milieu. In addition to the primarily technological logic of new media, it is necessary to develop more adequately the cultural and social logics that provide the context for the deployment of technology. To do so, I will draw upon the theoretical constructions of Fredric Jameson's "cultural logic," and Manuel Castell's "information age" to more fully develop a theoretical foundation by which we can gain a better interpretive and predictive framework of the role and consequences of new media for international relations. In particular, I will explore the interaction between the technological, the economic, and the cultural logics which drive not just the dissemination and use of new media, but also the development of new media technologies, and the prospects for creating disruption to the role of media, the state, and the public in issues of international engagement and consequence.

        Tea Break           

     

           Panel 3.  New Media, Law, and Institutional Changes 

4:00-6:00pm

            Moderator:     Professor John Rajchman (Columbia University)

John Rajchman (born June 25, 1946) is a philosopher working in the areas of art history, architecture, and continental philosophy.

John Rajchman is Associate Professor and Director of Modern Art M.A. Programs in the Department of Art History and Archaeology at Columbia University. He has previously taught at Princeton University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Collège International de Philosophie in Paris, and The Cooper Union, among others.

He is a Contributing Editor for Artforum and is on the board of Critical Space. John Rajchman received a B.A., from Yale University and Ph.D., from Columbia University.

            Speakers: Professor Benjamin Liebman (Columbia University)  

Benjamin Liebman is Professor of Law and the Director of the Center for Chinese Legal Studies at Columbia Law School. His current research focuses on the role of the media in the Chinese legal system, on Chinese tort law, and on the evolution of China's courts and legal profession.

Professor Liebman's publications include Chinese Network Justice, Chicago Journal of International Law (with Tim Wu)(2007); China's Courts: Restricted Reform?, China Quarterly (2007); Evolution through Intimidation? An Empirical Account of Defamation Litigation in China, Harvard International Law Journal (2006); Watchdog or Demagogue? The Media in the Chinese Legal System, Columbia Law Review (2005); Clean Air, Clear Process? The Struggle over Air Pollution Law in the People's Republic of China (with William P. Alford) Hastings Law Journal (2001); Legal Aid and Public Interest Law in China, Texas International Law Journal (1999); Autonomy through Separation? Environmental Law and the Basic Law of Hong Kong, Harvard International Law Journal (1998); and Class Action Litigation in China, Harvard Law Review (1998).

Prior to joining the Columbia faculty in 2002, Professor Liebman was an associate in the London and Beijing offices of Sullivan & Cromwell. He also previously served as a law clerk to Justice David Souter and to Judge Sandra Lynch of the First Circuit. He is a graduate of Yale, Oxford, and Harvard Law School .

      The Media and the Courts in China: Towards Competitive Supervision?   

      Professor Guobin Yang (Barnard College)   

Guobin Yang has a Ph.D. in English Literature (with a specialty in Literary Translation) from Beijing Foreign Studies University (1993) and a second Ph.D. in Sociology from New York University (2000). His research focuses on social movements, new media, and civil society.

Recent projects have examined China's emerging environmental movement and the role of the Internet in the transformation of Chinese society.

Professor Yang's teaching at Barnard includes such courses as "Revolutionary Movements" (a first-year seminar), "Social Science Approaches to East Asia," and "Contemporary Chinese Culture and Society."

       The Curious Case of Jia Junpeng, or The Power of Symbolic Appropriation in Chinese Cyberspace

On July 16, 2009, an anonymous internet user in a popular Baidu discussion forum posted a message titled “Jia Junpeng, your mother wants you to go home to eat.” The message consists of only twelve Chinese characters and has no content. Yet just one day later, the posting had attracted over seven million hits and 300,000 user comments. A cryptic sentence was thus turned into a national media event. Very soon, the sentence takes on rich political meanings and becomes a popular slogan for airing all kinds of grievances, including political dissent. In early August, the CEO of a new media business astonished the public by alleging that the entire event surrounding the “Jia Junpeng” posting was a product of its marketing. He claimed that his company hired over 800 marketing personnel, who then registered over 20,000 internet user ID’s to post responses to that cryptic sentence. This claim has since been contested.

The Jia Junpeng case raises intriguing but important questions about the boundaries between reality and virtuality, the real effects of virtual reality, the dangers of commercial manipulation of the public sphere, and the subversive power of symbolic appropriation. This presentation illuminates the power of the Internet in China by exploring these questions.

      Professor Timothy Wu (Columbia University)    

Tim Wu specializes in telecommunications law, copyright, and international trade. He is the co-author of Who Controls the Internet? (Oxford U. Press 2006). In 2006, Wu was recognized by Scientific American for his work on network neutrality theory. Tim Wu previously worked in the telecommunications industry in Silicon Valley, and was a law clerk for Judge Richard Posner and Justice Stephen Breyer. He graduated from McGill University (B.Sc), and Harvard Law School, and has taught at the University of Virginia, the University of Chicago, and Stanford Law School.

Wu is the Chairman of the Board for Free Press; a Fellow at the New America Foundation; a writer for Slate magazine and once worked at Hoo's Dumplings.

      Lawbreaking in China   

In addition to its use of the law, the Chinese state uses tolerance of law-breaking as a means of policy-making. My talk discusses the phenomenon, particularly with respect to intellectual property and media laws.


TAG: 会议 全球化 新媒体 转型

信马由缰~~刘大先 引用 删除 deva   /   2009-12-09 22:49:17
Mark Hansen 和Lydia Liu 两人讲得好。可惜当时我没有带器材,否则录下来,Lydia那个ppt文件做得好,思路很有启发性。时间长了,我也忘差不多了,以后一定拿个笔记。
任双霞的野狐禅 引用 删除 任双霞   /   2009-12-09 16:53:39
,太長了。
 

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