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发布: 2008-10-08 22:24 | 作者: Jonh Foley | 来源: CSOT | 查看: 731次

Vo B%OdN3le Z!QDear colleague,
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;s U1H7yYdE1]The Center for Studies in Oral Tradition is pleased to announce the民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs-Ur|l:RL;_i
publication of the latest issue of our journal Oral Tradition, free of
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The articles in issue 23.1 encompass a wide range of subjects, including
qq2R9o(FsjAlbanian oral law, Gypsy balladry, Welsh saints' lives, French and Japanese民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs*y3Kr~KW
epic, and oral tradition in Bali. In addition to the current number, the
#q_8z]4o3v$w%FMg#eOral Tradition website houses the entire journal archive, with 23 years of民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs$O{$k&ug7dy/s
back issues fully searchable and accessible as downloadable pdf files.民俗学博客-Folklore Blogsyk/N5Q%w1H
民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs$AB(j.NJ4K
In return, may we ask you to forward this e-mail announcement to at least民俗学博客-Folklore Blogss(cJ2c|'x,i\
five colleagues in your field? It would be especially helpful if you
-G/j8I.y\gw:vselected colleagues who might not already know that the entire run of the
6H#cR+hMKGjournal is now available gratis. Thank you for whatever you can do to help
/}BV0d/X#i(bninform our community and share a resource that was created for the common
G Y*mlba bK*PWe welcome your comments and especially your submissions for publication.民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs)t"{Gw%[X:Gd8L

6g+Y7kKvl_/wJohn Foley民俗学博客-Folklore Blogsu)V._3v#_1`]6Gy$_
Editor, Oral Tradition民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs\3?FD'bb4op
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Oral Tradition Volume 23, Number 1民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs3Z B:l1\#JDb,cL
March 2008
zi(y)K-FPq'PTable of Contents | Editor's Column | About the Authors 民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs&B_x#`Xe)H

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-r'?{ _'C/zOf Time, Honor, and Memory: Oral Law in Albania
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by Fatos Tarifa
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Former Albanian ambassador to the United States, Tarifa provides a historical account of the role of oral tradition in the transmission of an ancient code of customary law that has shaped and dominated the lives of northern Albanians until well into the mid-twentieth century. This traditional body of law, known as the Kode of Lekë Dukagjini, represents a series of norms, mores, and injunctions that were passed down by word of mouth for generations. The article ultimately seeks to illuminate the role of oral tradition in the formulation and maintenance of law, as well as the specific ways in which Albanian society has been affected—within the greater context of Turkish imperialism—by this ancient and powerful body of knowledge.民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs)r3F#LXr4X3k

5e*} k(W#G$P,KNarrative Structure and Political Construction: The Epic at Work民俗学博客-Folklore BlogsN8?K\9d

$y5}q%c'Ax#qjby Florence Goyet
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`Q9kd|1lSThis article explores the idea that the construction of meaning lies at the very foundation of oral or “oral-derived” texts, which rely on the totality of tradition to create precise meaning. Through a careful analysis of the epic genre, Goyet asserts that its core function is precisely to allow society as a whole to understand—first dimly and then in more detail—a new political order. The major works treated are the Old French Song of Roland, the ancient Greek Iliad, and the Japanese Hôgen and Heiji monogatari.民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs xIU6c)h

Q?k5M6_The Authority of the Spoken Word: Speech Acts in Mark Twain’s A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs6w/oX}5S | Q
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by Marie Nelson
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h8]9fM:gF5PThis article begins by noting Mark Twain’s decision to invest in the Paige typesetting machine rather than Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone, and then goes on to examine the main protagonist Hank Morgan’s successful use of both technologies as he faces life-threatening challenges after being transported to King Arthur’s sixth-century England. Morgan also proves a masterful performer of “speech acts,” strategies that effect changes in the people and circumstances that surround him. His “illocutionary” and “perlocutionary” acts enable him time and again to survive to tell his story.
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A Spanish Bishop Remembers the Future: Oral Traditions and Purgatory in Julian of Toledo民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs]j:y^}d/L L+Q7iU

"C)C0xpgCDA(P6^by Nancy P. Stork
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Stork considers Bishop Julian of Toledo and his seventh-century creation of one of the most influential works on Purgatory, the Prognosticon Futuri Saeculi. Enormously popular in Western Europe, it provided a convenient compendium of source material used by preachers and theologians for centuries. Though the work itself consists of citations from Patristic authors, Julian’s preface and the titles to each section reveal how, in a sort of spiritual “convivium” with his friend Idalius, he initially composed the book from memory. Surviving manuscripts show how the text was studied and transmitted in early monastic school settings.
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f$u!^2`jK OWhen the Text Becomes the Teller: Apuleius and the Metamorphoses
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by Susan Gorman
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This article analyzes Apuleius’ Metamorphoses and the ways in which it enacts storytelling on both a contextual and a formal level. Gorman argues that Apuleius creates an alternative countercultural audience for his text, one that resists the Romanization process on the margins of the empire. By questioning the historical moment of production and exploring the political dynamics incorporated into the Metamorphoses, she emphasizes the power of the intermediary genre of storytelling, situated between the highly formal epic and the less rule-bound novel.
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From Journalism to Gypsy Folk Song: The Road to Orality of an English Ballad民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs]%[/E%v _ux Q

%\9N p `5g&iby Tom Pettitt 民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs&Wdg j5M~

5]eKkjbThis essay provides an ingenious analysis of indigenous and enduring folksongs within the Gypsy oral tradition in England. It traces a brief history of scholarship on Gypsy folksong, as well as treats the inherently tricky issue of what a ballad is, before entering into a discussion of the interaction between orally transmitted folksongs and written broadsides. Ultimately, Pettitt illustrates how discernible trends may provide valuable insights into the ways in which oral tradition interacts with and influences verbal performance culture.
.fs0{ ECv7bDe-composition in Popular Elizabethan Playtexts: A Revalidation of the Multiple Versions of Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs^e2k?1c%o#\i8Y["`^*ik
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by Lene Petersen 民俗学博客-Folklore BlogsAn-fCM JC
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Petersen addresses the ways in which Shakespeare’s early play-texts have been transmitted from the sixteenth century forward. With specific reference to multiple versions of Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet, she illustrates how the so-called “bad” quartos of those plays show distinct similarities with multiple versions of orally and memorially transmitted folk tales and ballads—in particular, the so-called broadside ballads. Tables and lists of repetitive patterns, formulas, and transpositions throughout the short quarto versions exemplify how the plays may be understood as “de-composing” very similarly to collections of performances from oral tradition.
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Welsh Saints’ Lives as Legendary Propaganda
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by Owain Edwards
4LCZI5N0_ J*q;JAlthough some medieval legends may have naturally evolved from folklore, others, including the legend of St. David of Wales, are known to have been deliberately constructed as propaganda. This article describes the political situation in Wales in the late eleventh century, and presents the composition of the Life of St David by Rhigyfarch in the light of the western Church’s view of penance and almsgiving. Glimpses are afforded of details from the legend to illustrate its style.
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Context and the Emerging Story: Improvised Performance in Oral and Literate Societies
/o}7|c S)|f2xby Thérèse de Vet 民俗学博客-Folklore Blogs I M Jg)Rj
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This article derives from recent fieldwork in Bali and offers an alternative methodology that may shed new light on the origins of the Homeric poems. In Bali written texts have co-existed and influenced—and have been influenced by—oral performances for at least a millennium. To discover why and how oral improvised performance persists beyond a few decades or a century, this article draws from current theoretical work in anthropology, archaeology, and performance studies.
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}#z9R1C GutL+xURLs for websites, bibliographic references, and other online resources are reviewed, current, and valid at the time of publication. Oral Tradition cannot accept responsibility for the future availability of these online materials.
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